Glossary

Alphahydroxy Acids (AHAs)

A family of acids that are extracted from natural sources. AHAs work by helping to dissolve the intercellular glue that holds clumped up dead skins cells on the surface of your skin. By removing the dry, dead skin cells from the surface, your skin feels smoother and wrinkles appear much less deep. In addition, AHAs are beneficial to acne-prone skin, helping to loosen impacted dead cells inside the follicle. Hydrators applied after exfoliating perform better because they are not impeded by a layer of dead skin. Our favorite glycolic to use at home is Tu-el’s Glyco-A Gel.

Anti-aging Treatments

Treatments designed to prevent, correct or slow the effects and appearance of aging on the skin. Professional treatments are a great way to”kick start” the process, but home care is essential to continue the benefits.

Anti-oxidants

Substances that prevent damage due to oxidation.

Eczema

A skin disorder of inflammatory origins, often expressed as red and itchy patches that appear around the lips, eyes and nose.

Enzymes

Enzymes are attracted to protein. They work by breaking down keratinized cells (dead skin) which allows for gentle exfoliation.

Epidermus

The epidermus is the outermost layer of the skin. It contains no blood vessels but does have many small nerve endings.

Erthema

A superficial redness of the skin.

Esthetician (Aesthetician)

A licensed professional who works to clean, nourish and beautify the skin.

Exfoliation

A process that helps to remove the oldest dead skin cells on the skin’s outermost surface. The benefits of exfoliation include smoother, softer skin, diminished appearance of wrinkles, reduced pore size, and better product penetration.

There are three main types of exfoliants; physical/mechanical (scrubs and microdermabrasion), chemical enzymes (pumpkin, papaya and pineapple) and alpha/beta hydroxyacids (Glycolic, Lactic, Malic, Tartaric, Citric and Salicylic). Your skin type, age and skin care goals will determine which exfoliant is right for you…but if you are over 30 it’s time to visit Marywynn for a consultation to get you started on the right program. Marywynn’s hands-down favorite is Tu-el’s Glyco-A Gel.

Facial Treatment

A cosmetic treatment for the face and neck which is used for preventative or corrective purposes and for the general enhancement of the skin and muscle tone. Oh, and you will relax enough that your skin cells will be able to collectively catch their breath and every one of them will look and feel better as you float out of the room.

Free Radicals

Free radicals are atoms or molecules which contain unpaired electrons. Since electrons have a very strong tendency to exist in pairs, free radicals look around for a partner…meaning they pick up electrons from other atoms, which in turn converts those other atoms into yet more free radicals, thus setting up a chain reaction which can cause substantial biological — or in our world, skin — damage.

Glycolic Acid

An AHA derived from sugar cane. Glycolic acid is Marywynn’s favorite AHA, as the small molecular weight allows for better results. Not only does glycolic dissolve the intercellular glue that holds your dead skin cells together, it also encourages congestion to come to the surface and stimulates cellular respiration and collagen production.

Hydrophilic Cleansing Oils

Hydrophilic literally means “water loving” or “water soluble.” Great for deep yet gentle cleansing of the skin.

Inflammation

Inflammation is an essential part of the skin’s healing process at the cellular level when the immune system tries to fight off disease-causing germs and repair injured tissue. Inflammation expresses itself as hives or pimples — even wrinkles. When blood vessels dilate near the skin’s surface to enhance blood flow, it in turn facilitates healing. Redness, heat and/or swelling can also occur alongside inflammation. There is much research on the subject of the impact of aging on the skin. Good stress management, plenty of rest and proper nutrition (internal as well as external) enable us to combat the effects of inflammation.

Lactic Acid

A gentle AHA derived from milk. Lactic Acid was one of the first AHAs used in skin care.

Lymphatic Drainage Massage

A gentle technique which uses a light pressure to move waste and bring nourishment to the cells in your body more quickly. The lymphatic system is a separate circulatory system that consists of lacteals, lymphatic capillaries, lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes. Lymph, which is derived from blood plasma, circulates through the system, carrying nutrients from the blood to the cells and carrying off waste products from the cells. Lymphatic drainage massage increases the lymph flow and speeds up the natural detoxifying process.

Mask

A special treatment formula designed to beautify the skin. Traditionally used at the end of your treatment. There are many options for home use that help to continue the benefits of the facial treatment.

Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is a powerful physical/mechanical form of exfoliation that uses a two-headed vacuum to spray microcrystals of aluminum dioxide across the skin’s surface and vacuum up dead skin cells at the same time. This procedure removes the outermost layer of skin cells (part of the stratum corneum) and stimulates cell growth in the underlying dermis. Microdermabrasion helps give a smoother, fresher appearance to the skin. It is also used to diminish the appearance of sun damage, fine lines and wrinkles, enlarged pores, and coarse-textured skin.

Click here for more information and frequently asked questions about Microdermabrasion.

Psoriasis

A skin disorder that expresses itself as red patches covered in white scales.

Rosacea

A chronic inflammatory disorder of the skin, mainly on the cheeks and nose. Occasionally oily pustules accompany roscea.

Scrubs

A physical/mechanical exfoliant. Skin type, age, and your skin care goals will dictate which scrub is appropriate for you as well as frequency of use. Marywynn’s current favorites are Tu-el’s Peeling Cream and Valmont’s Exfoliant.

Skin

The largest organ in our body, part of the respiratory and excretory systems. Our skin provides a protective cover that helps prevent harmful substances and micro-organisms from entering, in addition to helping maintain our internal moisture. Healthy skin is soft, moist and flexible.

SPF

Sun Protection Factor indicates the multiplier for how long you may stay in the sun without burning. If you burn in 20 minutes (which is typical for fair skin) and you are wearing SPF 21 sunscreen, you have approximately 420 minutes (or 7 hours) of protection. The formula looks like this: 20 minutes x 21 SPF = 420 minutes in the sun before you burn. Always look for a SPF product that is “broad spectrum” or “full spectrum” which means that it protects against both UVA and UVB rays.

UVA & UVB

Ultraviolet Frequencies. “A” is a longer wave length (315-400 nm) that “ages” the skin. “B” is a shorter wave length (280-315 nm) that “burns” the skin.